Note from Author

This disseration was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy by Haider Ali Akmal in August of 2021 at Lancaster Institute for the Contemporary Arts, Lancaster University. This is a digital variant of the original publication which can be found in Lancaster University’s library and available as a digital PDF download.

As such though complete efforts have been made to retain the exact format of the original published work, this variant may slightly differ from the original due to conversion from print to web-based. If citing any portion of this work please refer to the original source material. This variant is intended for easier dissemination of this body of work.